Union Public Service Commission

About UPSC

The Union Public Service Commission is India's central recruiting agency. It is responsible for appointments to and examinations for All India services and group A & group B of Central services. While Department of Personnel and Training is the central personnel agency in India.

The agency's charter is granted the Constitution of India, titled as Services Under the Union and the States. The commission is mandated by the Constitution for appointments to the services of the Union and All India Services. It is also required to be consulted by the Government in matters relating to the appointment, transfer, promotion and disciplinary matters. The commission reports directly to the President and can advise the Government through him. Although, such advice is not binding on the Government. Being a constitutional authority, UPSC is amongst the few institutions which function with both autonomy and freedom, along with the country’s higher judiciary and lately the Election Commission.

The commission is headquartered at Dholpur House, in New Delhi and functions through its own secretariat.Vinay Mittal is its current Chairman of UPSC.

Eligibility

Educational Qualification: (AS ON 01.07.2017)

Nationality:

  • Candidate must be a citizen of India
  • Candidate must be a citizen of Nepal or a subject of Bhutan
  • Candidate must be a Tibetan Refugee who came to India before January 1, 1962, to be settled permanently in India
  • Candidate must be person of Indian Origin who has migrated from Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Zaire, or Zambia with an intention of permanently settling in India
  • Educational Qualification:

    Candidate applying for civil service exams is required to fulfill the following criteria:

  • Candidate must hold a Bachelor's Degree from any of the recognized universities
  • Candidates who have appeared for the qualifying examination and are awaiting results or those who are yet to appear for the qualifying examination are also eligible for the Preliminary Examination. Such candidates have to produce proof of passing the said examination along with the application for the Main Examination
  • Candidates with professional and technical qualifications recognized by the Government or its equivalent are also eligible to apply
  • Candidates who have passed the final year of MBBS or any Medical Examination but are yet to complete the internship can also appear for the Main Examination. However, they must submit a certificate from the concerned University that they have passed the final professional medical examination
  • Age Limit :

    A candidate should be minimum of 21 years and maximum 32 years old as on August 01, 2018. But he/she must have been born not earlier than August 02, 1986 and not later than August 01, 1997. Necessary action will take to make corresponding changes in respective Rules/Regulations pertaining to various services.

    The upper age limit prescribed above is relaxable for the following candidates:

  • 5 Years - Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST)
  • 3 Years - Other Backward Classes (OBC)
  • 3 Years - Defence Services personnel
  • 5 Years - ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least 5 years Military Service as on August 01, 2018
  • 5 Years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs
  • 10 Years - Blind, deaf-mute, and orthopedically handicapped persons 5 Years - In the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Service as on 1st August, 2018 and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on three months’ notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment
  • Number of attempts:

    Restriction on the maximum number of attempts is effective since 1984:

  • For General Candidates: 7 attempts (Up to 32 Years)
  • Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Candidates (SC/ST): No Limits (Up to 37 Years)
  • Other Backward Classes (OBC): 9 attempts (Up to 35 Years)
  • Physically handicapped- 9 attempts for general and OBC, while unlimited for SC/ST
  • Selection Process

    The UPSC Selection process happens in 3 stages: Civil Services (Preliminary) Examinations (Objective Type) and Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written) and Interview (Personality Test)

    UPSC Prelims

  • Examination Preliminary Exam will be a 4-hour Objective Type paper.
  • It comprises of two papers of multiple choice questions of maximum 200 marks each from various subjects including General Awareness, English Language, Numerical Aptitude, Reasoning, etc.
  • UPSC Mains

  • Examination Candidates who have qualified in the Prelims round will only be called to attend the Mains round.
  • The mains round consists of written exam which is followed by personality test.
  • Candidates who have cleared the mains round will be appointed as civil servants.
  • Mains exam involves written exam and personality test.
  • Qualifying papers:

  • Paper I - An Indian language selected by the candidates
  • Paper II – English
  • Papers to be counted for merit:

  • Essay (Paper III)
  • General Studies (Paper IV-VII)
  • Optional Subjects (Paper VIII-IX)
  • Interview

    Officially called the "Personality Test", the objective of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to evaluate the mental calibre of a candidate. In broad terms, this is really an assessment of not only a candidate's intellectual qualities, but also social traits and interest in current affairs. Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, and intellectual and moral integrity.

    The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination, but of a natural, though directed and purposive conversation that is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate.

    The interview is not intended to be a test either of the specialised or general knowledge of the candidate, which has been already tested through written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study, but also in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their own state or country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of all well-educated youth.